Gay - Lesbian - Bisexual - Trans-gender (GLBT)
Homosexual orientation (gay / lesbian) refers to a person (male or female) attracted to another person of the same sex. Those attracted to persons of the opposite sex are said to have a heterosexual orientation. Some individuals are attracted to both men and women and are referred to as bisexual. Sexual orientation is different from gender identity (see below).
Homosexuality and Gender Identity Disturbance are not considered mental disorders anymore. Yet, fears about , misunderstandings of , and fear and prejudice against homosexual persons (homophobia) are wide spread.
Gay, lesbian, and trans-gender adolescents are often taunted and humiliated in their school settings. Many are still fearful of identifying as gay or lesbians in their work settings. Gay relationships are not widely recognized in any legal way.
Homosexuality and gender identity is believed to be caused by a programming of the brain of the fetus and infant by the hormonal environment of the brain. Homosexuality was earlier thought to be caused by troubled family dynamics or faulty psychological development. However, it is now now understood that such an assumption is based on misinformation and prejudice.