Parenting Styles & Outcomes
Most parents can be classified into four main types by the style in which they guide their children. As we discuss each, think about where you fit most appropriately. Do you use the same style? Do you fit the outcome?
Authoritarian Parents: Limits without Freedom.
Children from authoritarian homes are so strictly controlled, either by punishment or guilt, that they are often prevented from making a conscious choice about particular behavior because they are overly concerned about what their parents will do. They will become
Permissive or Indulgent Parents: Freedom without limits.
Children from permissive homes receive so little guidance that they often become uncertain and anxious about whether they are doing the right thing. They will become:
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Democratic or Authoritative: Freedom within limits.
Middle ground between the two above
- Parents stress freedom along with rights of others and responsibilities of all
- Parents set limits and enforce rules
- Parents are willing to listen receptively to childï¿½s requests and questions.
- Love is unconditional but limits are set. Parents are loving, consistent, demanding
- Children contribute to discussion of issues and make some of their own decisions
- Parents exert firm control when necessary, but explain reasoning behind it.
- Parents respect childrenï¿½s interest, opinions, unique personalities.
- Parents combine control with encouragement
- Parents have reasonable expectations and set realistic standards.
Children whose parents expect them to perform well, to fulfill commitments, and to participate actively in family duties, as well as family fun, learn how to formulate goals. They also experience the satisfaction that comes from meeting responsibilities and achieving success. The children become:
- Mostly self-reliant
- Mostly self-controlled
- Content, friendly, generous
- less likely to be seriously disruptive or delinquent
Indifferent Parents : Absentee (physical and /or mental)
- Parents are not committed to their role as parents.
- They are not available for the child
- Harsh, unresponsive, unsupportive.
- Ignore or neglect the child
- Insensitive to child’s needs
Children whose parents are not available to guide them grow up in a vacuum without any idea of what to do or how to do it. Their development is affected and they become:
- Low positive behavior
- High negative behavior.
- Usually disliked by peers
- Infrequently nominated as best friends.